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Nikto is an Open Source (GPL) web server scanner which performs comprehensive tests against web servers for multiple items, including over 6700 potentially dangerous files/programs, checks for outdated versions of over 1250 servers, and version specific problems on over 270 servers. It also checks for server configuration items such as the presence of multiple index files, HTTP server options, and will attempt to identify installed web servers and software. Scan items and plugins are frequently updated and can be automatically updated.
Nikto is not designed as a stealthy tool. It will test a web server in the quickest time possible, and is obvious in log files or to an IPS/IDS. However, there is support for LibWhisker’s anti-IDS methods in case you want to give it a try (or test your IDS system).
Not every check is a security problem, though most are. There are some items that are “info only” type checks that look for things that may not have a security flaw, but the webmaster or security engineer may not know are present on the server. These items are usually marked appropriately in the information printed. There are also some checks for unknown items which have been seen scanned for in log files.
Here are some of the major features of Nikto. See the documentation for a full list of features and how to use them.
SSL Support (Unix with OpenSSL or maybe Windows with ActiveState’s
Full HTTP proxy support
Checks for outdated server components
Save reports in plain text, XML, HTML, NBE or CSV
Template engine to easily customize reports
Scan multiple ports on a server, or multiple servers via input file (including nmap output)
LibWhisker’s IDS encoding techniques
Easily updated via command line
Identifies installed software via headers, favicons and files
Host authentication with Basic and NTLM
Apache and cgiwrap username enumeration
Mutation techniques to “fish” for content on web servers
Scan tuning to include or exclude entire classes of vulnerability
Guess credentials for authorization realms (including many default id/pw combos)
Authorization guessing handles any directory, not just the root
Enhanced false positive reduction via multiple methods: headers,
page content, and content hashing
Reports “unusual” headers seen
Interactive status, pause and changes to verbosity settings
Save full request/response for positive tests
Replay saved positive requests
Maximum execution time per target
Auto-pause at a specified time
Checks for common “parking” sites
Logging to Metasploit
TUTORIAL By Cyb3rw0rM
CONTACT ME: Cyb3rw0rm@hotmail.com
THIS TUTORIAL IS ONLY FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES!
DON’T USE THIS FOR ILLEGAL PURPOSES, THIS IS ONLY FOR SECURITY RESARCH!
Xem thêm bài viết khác: https://ftlinuxcourse.com/khoa-hoc
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